Creating a Package

Data in T4 is organized in terms of data packages. A data package is a logical group of files, directories, and metadata:

import t4
# initialize a package
p = t4.Package()

Adding data to a package

Use the set and set_dir commands to add individual files and whole directories, respectively, to a Package:

# add entries individually using `set`
p = (p
.set("foo.csv", "/local/path/foo.csv")
.set("bar.csv", "s3://bucket/path/bar.csv")
# or grab everything in a directory at once using `set_dir`
p = (p
.set_dir("stuff/", "/path/to/stuff/")
.set_dir("things/", "s3://path/to/things/")

The first parameter to these functions is the logical key, which will determine where the file lives within the package. So after running the commands above our package will look like this:

>>> print(p)
(remote Package)

The second parameter is the physical key, which states the file's actual location. The physical key may point to either a local file or a remote object (with an s3:// path).

If the physical key and the logical key are the same, you may omit the second argument:

# assuming foo.csv is in the current directory
$ python
>>> print(p.set("foo.csv"))
(local Package)

Another useful trick. Use "/" to set the contents of the package to that of the current directory:

# assuming foo.csv and bar/baz.csv
# are in the current directory
$ python
>>> print(p.set_dir("/", "./"))
(local Package)

Deleting data in a package

Use delete to remove entries from a package:


Note that this will only remove this piece of data from the package. It will not delete the actual data itself.

Adding metadata to a package

Packages support metadata anywhere in the package. To set metadata on package entries or directories, use the meta argument:

p = (t4.Package()
.set("foo.csv", "foo.csv", meta={"type": "csv"})
.set_dir("stuff/", "stuff/", meta={"origin": "unknown"})

You can also set metadata on the package as a whole using set_meta.

# set metadata on a package
p.set_meta({"package-type": "demo"})